Reproduction Behavior

Baby dragons

The female lays between 15 to 30 eggs in the sand. They will stay there during the incubation period of 8 to 9 months. The birth is a very critical moment for the baby dragons as they are very small and they have many predators.

The babies measure about 30 centimetres (12 inch) and they will get theire sexual maturity around 6 to 10 years old.

As long as they don’t reach a minimal size, they have to be very careful because of cannibalism. The bigger lizards will try to eat them. So the babies have to climb in the trees to hide themselves.
The young monitor is generally green and brown with stripes to help him hide in the trees.
They will eat insects, eggs, birds to grow up. When they are big enough to fight and survive to the big Komodo dragons they will go down and change their diet to bigger animals they find for example on Rinca Island. When they will be mature, the female will give birth to other komodo lizards babies. This is the life cycle of Komodo dragon.


The dragons are generally solitary but during the mating season the male looks for a female to copulate. He will use his tongue to feel if the Komodo female is receptive. The sexual act can be violent with the male using its claws to keep in place the female making lots of sounds.

picture of Komodo dragons reproduction in Komodo islandParthenogenesis and Asexual Reproduction

Recent research have shown that female Komodo dragons can lay fertilized eggs and give birth to babies Komodo dragon without having any sexual relation with a male. This characteristic very rare of asexual reproduction is called Parthenogenesis.

The French version of this page is available here: Dragon de Komodo.

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